P+R system and individual intertwined hubs in the Ljubljana urban region (LUR)


Regionalna razvojna agencija Ljubljanske urbane regije (RRA LUR)


June, 2014

Project leader

OMEGA consult, d.o.o. (vodilni partner)

Project group

Študija lokacij P+R: LUZ d.d.: Bernarda Bevc Šekoranja, Tomaž Blaž, Simona Čeh, Marko Fatur, Matej Hašaj, Sergej Hiti, Karolina Jankovič, Uršula Longar, Miha Miklavčič, Ines Rot, Tilen Smolnikar, Janja Solomun, Ernest Sotlar, Martin Starc, Jana Škerbina IPoP, Društvo za prostorska vprašanja Maja Farol: Urban Jeriha, Marko Peterlin, Jernej Prijon, Mima Suhadolc, Tadej Žaucer

Project location

Ljubljanska urbana regija (LUR)

Assignment type


Role of LUZ on the project

Študija lokacij P+R


OMEGA consult, d.o.o. SL CONSULT, d.o.o. IPoP


Lidija Kmet, Urška Kranjc, Vito Križman, Romana Titovšek, Andraž Tomc, Roman Pleško, Mateja Mikložič

The study generated a hierarchical system of locations, according to their role in the spatial system, their capacity and the services to provide. The services proposal included the core infrastructure and equipment, the level of service, the information technology needed, the waiting area equipment and layout as well as a proposal for additional communal facilities or commercial offer. There is a common understanding that any part of public transport system and infrastructure is not about the traffic technology, but first of all about the people, their comfort and convenience. This is even more true for P+R hubs – if they are well placed and designed, safe and comfortable, the commuters will leave their cars there for the day and take the bus to the city. Therefore, the focus of the study was to assess if the elements provide quality of design of the P+R nodes as a system and in each location.

The dimensioning of the level of service and equipment of P+R hubs resulted from the analysis of comparable international and national best practice cases and literature review. The service was classified as the core services and equipment (content associated with the creation of intermodal passenger transport chains) and accompanying services and equipment for supplementary use (e.g. store, gas station), funded from other sources. To ensure unity of appearance and ease of maintenance, standardized equipment was proposed.

Suitable density and rational use of space are the basis for sustainable spatial planning, therefore, it is crucial that P+R hubs do not occupy too much space. For larger nodes, it is crucial to have supplementary use and services to structure the area and make a clear distinction between the parking lot and the bus stop or public transport platform.

The diversity of the program in the vicinity of the P+R hub and additional program within the hub itself ensures an appropriate mix of urban functions. The multifunctionality of place and the mix of functions enable the P+R hub to be a lively, comfortable and safe place at any time of the day, any time of the year and any day of the week. A successful P+R hub is an urban place, well integrated in the urban structure – a public space, used at the same time as a meeting and sociable place by the local community.

The location planning and design of each individual site has also been made – a detailed building and investment documentation for 23 sites of P+R hubs in 16 municipalities of the Ljubljana urban region – to enable the EU funding of the system.

The final goal of the project is an operating system with almost 4,000 parking spaces, integrated with the regional and municipal public transport networks, organized on 23 new and 4 existing sites in Ljubljana and other municipalities of the urban region, reducing the number of cars entering the city daily and thus easing the traffic in the city and enhancing the quality of life.